For years, researchers and practitioners have primarily investigated the various processes within manufacturing supply chains individually. Recently,
however, there has been increasing attention placed on the performance, design, and analysis of the supply chain as a whole.
Thisattention is largely a result of the rising costs of manufacturing, the shrinking resources of manufacturing bases, shortened product life cycles, the
leveling of the playing field within manufacturing, and the globalization of market economies. The objectives of this paper are to: